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荞麦叶大百合Cardiocrinum cathayanum

中文名(Chinese Name):荞麦叶大百合
学名(Scientific Name):Cardiocrinum cathayanum (Wilson) Stearn
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Lilium cathayanum E. H. Wilson
科属(Family & Genus):百合科(Liliaceae)大百合属
形态特征(Description):小鳞茎高2.5厘米,直径1.2-1.5厘米。茎高50-150厘米,直径1-2厘米。除基生叶外,约离茎基部25厘米处开始有茎生叶,最下面的几枚常聚集在一处,其余散生;叶纸质,具网状脉,卵状心形或卵形,先端急尖,基部近心形,长10-22厘米,宽6-16厘米,上面深绿色,下面淡绿色;叶柄长6-20厘米,基部扩大。总状花序有花3-5朵;花梗短而粗,向上斜伸,每花具一枚苞片;苞片矩圆形,长4-5.5厘米,宽1.5-1.8厘米;花狭喇叭形,乳白色或淡绿色,内具紫色条纹;花被片条状倒披针形,长13-15厘米,宽1.5-2厘米,外轮的先端急尖,内轮的先端稍钝;花丝长8-10厘米,长为花被片的2/3,花药长8-9毫米;子房圆柱形,长3-3.5厘米,宽5-7毫米;花柱长6-6.5厘米,柱头膨大,微3裂。蒴果近球形,长4-5厘米,宽3-3.5厘米,红棕色。种子扁平,红棕色,周围有膜质翅。花期7-8月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):产湖北、湖南、江西、浙江、安徽和江苏。生山坡林下阴湿处,海拔600-1050米。
用途(Use):蒴果供药用。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 24 Page 135
Cardiocrinum cathayanum (E. H. Wilson) Stearn, Gard. Chron. ser. , 124: 4. 1948.
荞麦叶大百合 qiao mai ye da bai he | Liliaceae | Cardiocrinum
Lilium cathayanum E. H. Wilson, Lilies East. Asia, 99. 1925.
Bulbels ca. 2.5 × 1.2--1.5 cm. Stem erect, 0.5--1.5 m × 2--3 cm, hollow. Leaves absent in proximal part of stem except basal ones, crowded in middle part, laxly spirally alternate in distal part; petiole 6--20 cm; leaf blade ovate to ovate-cordate, 10--22 × 6--12 cm. Raceme 3--5-flowered; bracts oblong, 4--5.5 × ca. 1.6 cm, persistent. Tepals white or greenish, purple streaked adaxially, linear-oblanceolate, 13--15 × 1.5--2 cm. Stamens 8--10 cm, ca. 2/3 as long as tepals; anthers 8--9 mm. Ovary 3--3.5 cm × 5--7 mm. Style 6--6.5 cm. Capsule subglobose, 4--5 × 3--3.5 cm. Seeds 4.5--2.5 mm, reddish brownish winged all round. Fl. Jul--Aug, fr. Aug--Sep. 2 n = 24*.
* Moist and shady places on forested slopes; 600--2200 m. Anhui, Fujian, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang.